Make dysfunctional kidneys function

Nephrology

In humans, Kidneys are bean-shaped organs which are about four and a half inches long , which are situated in the body near the spinal column that excretes waste products of metabolism. They chiefly consist of nephrons by which urine is secreted, collected and discharged into the pelvis of the kidney from where it is conveyed by the ureter to the urinary bladder. The kidneys perform critical functions in the human body such as maintaining overall fluid balance, regulating and filtering minerals from blood, release hormones that regulate blood pressure, control the production of red blood cells, produce an active form of Vitamin D to makes the bones strong and healthy and remove waste products and drugs from the body.

Kidneys can stop functioning due to acid-based disturbances. Many suffer from chronic kidney ailments leading to acute kidney failure at a later stage. Some suffer silently conditions like proteinuria (protein in the urine) and haematuria (blood in the urine). Intrinsic kidney diseases, diabetic nephropathy, hypersensitive kidney disease plague hundreds of people in and around Hyderabad.

Nephrology is a subspecialty of internal medicine that is related to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the kidneys and other nephrologic disorders.

SIGN & SYMPTOMS

One of the common kidney diseases seen is chronic kidney disease, which is a gradual loss of kidney functions over time. Chronic kidney disease is also called chronic kidney failure. Kidney failure is caused by health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, autoimmune diseases, etc. . There is no cure for kidney diseases, but the symptoms can be reduced by taking medications such as antihistamines, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), anemia treatment and other similar treatment. In end-stage kidney disease, patients require dialysis or kidney transplant

Increasing blood pressure in the arteries takes place due to excess protein in the urine leading to hypertension. This leads to the formation of abnormal protein in the bone marrow affecting the liver, spleen, nervous system, kidneys, heart and digestive tract. Cystic fibrosis causes damage to the lungs and digestive system. Weight loss, coughing, nausea, belly pain are symptoms alerting you to take medical check-up from our experienced nephrologists.

Fluid retention, decreased sex drive, nausea, rising potassium levels, poor appetite are common symptoms of kidney diseases. The nephrotic syndrome affects kidneys with symptoms like heart failure, blood clotting in the kidney veins, and heart failure that warrants blood pressure medications.

Doctor to Consultant

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Dr. Pardha Saradhi

MBBS,MD.DM

CAUSES

In chronic kidney failure, dangerous levels of wastes and fluids get accumulated in the body causing symptoms such as anemia, blood in urine, decreased urine output, fatigue, nausea, muscle cramps, pain in the lower back, etc.

Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is characterised by decreased blood flow due to burns, injuries, infection, or surgeries conducted earlier. Urinary tract infections and high blood sugar damage blood vessels, kidney stones, inflammation of glomeruli inside the kidneys causing kidney ailments. Diabetes and high blood pressure go hand in hand causing nephrology issues. When blood sugar is higher it can damage other organs in the body. High BP leads to chronic kidney diseases.

Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) leads to kidney inflammation and damage. When our body shows symptoms like blood/protein in the blood, swelling and high BP it gives an AGN alert that requires an examination and treatment from experienced nephrologists. Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is characterised by decreased blood flow due to burns, injuries, infection, or surgeries conducted earlier.

DIAGNOSIS

We perform most of the diagnosis with blood tests and urine tests. Blood tests are to gauge levels of waste product in the blood, urine tests measure blood filtering by kidneys. Blood tests reveal raised or altered levels of urea, creatinine and electrolytes such as sodium,potassium,, calcium, magnesium, phosphates, blood urea nitrogen.

Urine analysis may reveal excess proteins that are being excreted from the body in urine. Diagnostic findings help us to treat cases with medication or treatment that require kidney transplantation.

TREATMENT

Chronic kidney issues can lead to diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and hypertension. Therefore, the affected should go for appropriate treatment in our super speciality centre. Our nephrology department performs dialysis, citrate anticoagulation, peritoneal dialysis care, percutaneous needle biopsy in ultrasound guidance to the affected. Chavan Hospitals is highly accomplished in performing effective renal transplantations in the city.

Treatments in our nephrology wing include doing end-stage renal disease therapies like kidney transplantation, haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. We have a specialised team to treat nephrology issues. They work alongside nurses, dieticians to provide holistic care to the patients. Lastly, there is no cure for kidney diseases, but the symptoms can be reduced by taking medications such as antihistamines, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), anemia treatment and other similar treatment. In end-stage kidney disease, patients require dialysis or kidney transplant