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Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology

Chavan Hospital addresses dental issues that affect the teeth, lips, cheeks, jaws and maxillofacial regions. We diagnose and treat oral diseases such as cysts, precancerous lesions, tumors and cancerous lesions. Common oral maladies include:

• Oral ulcers

• Abnormalities of teeth: ranging from dental fluorosis to enamel and dentinal defects

• Abnormalities of bone :that include Jaw misalignment due to injury to bone, to birth defects

• Abnormalities of soft tissues : Congenital abnormalities ranging from cleft lip and palate to various syndromes.

• Innocent looking lumps to advanced stage oral cancers.

• Abnormalities of tongue : that include Geographic tongue to Macroglossia (tongue enlargement), Microglossia (small tongue) also congenital abnormalities.

• Abnormalities of periodontium.

• Oral precancerous lesions such as leukoplakia, lichen planus etc that present as innocuous looking but are predecessors of cancerous lesions.

Oral pathology is specialty of dentistry and discipline of pathology that deals with the nature, identification and management of diseases affecting oral and maxillofacial regions.


People come to us with sores and swelling in the mouth that are symptoms of common oral diseases mentioned above. Other signs include unstable jaw, pain/irritation while swallowing and physical deformity that lowers one’s confidence. Symptoms of oral cancer include swellings, lumps, rough spots, eroded areas on the lips, gums, or inside the mouth. This requires immediate attention.

For some others, the symptom appears as calcified teeth, jawbones in the face. This apart soft tissue in the oral and para oral facial region is an indication of oral disease. Lesions from fibrous tissue, blood, muscle, nerve, adipose tissue, cartilage and lymphatic vessels happen due to infections and recurrent aphthous ulcers.

Let us check the sign of mouth cancers. They appear in throat and mouth in lines with squamous cells. They can range from minor apthous ulcers to carcinomas such as adenoid cystic carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma - that are categorized as various types of oral cancers.

Doctor to Consultant


Who is without habits? Right from youth to middle age/old age people, many people use tobacco (cigarettes, pan, snuff). Some turn alcoholic due to peer pressure or liking to alcohol. Some get HPV during their sexual encounters. These contribute to major oral and systemic conditions.

Another issues that include congenital abnormalities such as cleft palate, cleft lip etc. Several babies get affected by cleft palate due to lack of normal fusion of tissues in the mouth. It happens due to genetic or environmental factors or due to exposure of virus/chemicals in the fetus. Apart from this, often due to overgrowth of microorganisms in the mouth or invaded bacteria through syphilis or gonorrhea, one oral cancer or oral ulcers.


By checking face, neck, lips, and entire mouth an oral pathologist detect the possible signs of cancer. To diagnose oral cancer, we conduct an oral cancer screening exam using specialized instruments, radiography to check bony involvement also by performing vital staining procedures to check the extinct of lesions. The most advanced diagnosis by lasers to precisely check the lesional tissue. Besides, our dentists feel for any lumps in your neck or face.

Oral pathology team at Chavan Hospital performs clinical diagnosis, radiographic diagnosis to histopathologic diagnosis, to treat oral diseases.


If detected early oral cancer is curable. We treat people with oral issues with surgery or radiation therapy. Our experts help in rebuilding your appearance through grafting and distraction orthogenesis that helps in tissue renewal. Cleft lip, cleft palate and other birth defects can be corrected through relevant surgeries. Reach us for more details. Furthermore “the earlier the disease is diagnosed the better is the outcome “